According to an article recently published in the International Journal of Cancer, there is no association between fish consumption and the incidence of developing breast cancer.
Breast cancer is diagnosed in approximately 200,000 women annually in the U.S. alone. Due to its prevalence, researchers continue to evaluate ways to prevent or reduce the risk of women developing the disease.
Recent studies have investigated connections between diet and exercise and a decreased or increased risk of developing various types of cancer. Results from studies have indicated that physical activity, absence of smoking, and consumption of fruits and vegetables appear to significantly reduce the risk for certain cancers.
Researchers from Europe recently conducted a clinical study to evaluate a potential association between consumption of fish and the incidence of breast cancer. This study included nearly 311,000 women aged between 25 and 70 years at the time of recruitment. A dietary questionnaire was completed between 1992 and 1998, and patients were followed for a median of over 6 years.
Overall, there was no association between consumption of either lean or fatty fish and the incidence of breast cancer among these women.
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The researchers concluded that the consumption of either lean or fatty fish does not have an influence on the incidence of breast cancer. However, they caution that follow-up time in this study is relatively short.
Reference: Engeset D, Alsaker E, Lund E, et al. Fish Consumption and Breast cancer Risk. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). International Journal of Cancer. 2006; 119: 175 – 182.
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