Cancer Dictionary


chimeric (March 3, 2016)

Having parts of different origins. In medicine, refers to a person, organ, or tissue that contains cells with different genes than the rest of the person, organ, or tissue. This may happen because of a... Continue Reading

Spinal canal (December 22, 2015)

refers to the semicircular space formed by the back of a vertebral body and the spinal arch that protects the spinal cord  Read More →

Facet joint blocks (December 22, 2015)

refers to therapeutic injection of pain-relieving drugs to an area in or around facet joints  Read More →

Spinal arch (December 22, 2015)

refers to the posterior portion of the spinal canal.  The spinal canal protects the spinal cord that runs through its center  Read More →

Facet joints (December 22, 2015)

The paired joints located in the back of the vertebral bodies connecting the spine  Read More →

Discectomy (December 22, 2015)

refers to the surgical removal of a portion or all of an intervertebral disc  Read More →

Sciatica (December 22, 2015)

a pain that follows the sciatic nerve down the leg to the calf or foot  Read More →

Gel (December 22, 2015)

refers to the thick, viscous fluid in the center of a intervertebral disc that is responsible for its shock absorbance  Read More →

Intervertebral discs (December 22, 2015)

The cylinder-like structure composed of a gel center (nucleus pulposus) and a fibrous outer covering (annulus fibrosus) that acts as a shock absorber and a universal joint in the spine  Read More →

Lumbar Spine (December 22, 2015)

Portion of the back between the chest and pelvis consisting or 5 vertebrae  Read More →

Total body irradiation (TBI) (December 22, 2015)

TBI is a radiation treatment to the entire body. It is used to destroy cancer cells and bone marrow cells in preparation for a bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation.  Read More →

Veno occlusive Disease of the Liver (December 22, 2015)

see sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS)  Read More →

Stem cell mobilization and collection (December 22, 2015)

Stem cell mobilization means receiving medicine that causes stem cells to leave the tissues they normally occupy and to circulate in the bloodstream. Typically it takes a few days after receiving the medicine... Continue Reading

Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) (December 22, 2015)

SOS, also called veno-occlusive disease (VOD), is a complication of transplants. In SOS, your liver cannot remove waste products from your body as well as it should. This is most likely to occur during... Continue Reading

Reduced-intensity transplant (December 22, 2015)

A type of hematopoietic stem cell transplant where the patient receives reduced-dose conditioning that is designed to weaken, but not destroy, their bone marrow and immune system so their body will accept... Continue Reading

Non-myeloablative transplant (December 22, 2015)

See reduced-intensity transplant.  Read More →

Mucositis (December 22, 2015)

Mucositis means inflammation of mucous membranes that line the digestive tract. It may occur as a side effect of chemotherapy or radiation, which can break down the rapidly dividing cells in these membranes.... Continue Reading

Minimally mismatched donor (December 22, 2015)

In an optimal HLA match, the patient and donor share all eight or 10 HLA (human leukocyte antigen) markers (genes or proteins) tested. This is ideal for bone marrow or stem cell transplantation because... Continue Reading

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